I showed you how I loaded it onto flashdrive as example of how linux system could be loaded. You shouldn't have any sdc2. You are trying to do this on a single hard drive. That would be sda and the partitions would be numbered. For that you would load windows first. You then boot to the CD or DVD and install Linux. Since you have Windows on there too, to avoid problems on changing distros, create the sda2 partition as /boot, and NEVER remove it. Usually 200 MB in size is more than enough for that partition. You can separate Linux system from your own files by creating both a root / and a /home partition. You then need a swap partition that is same or larger size than your installed RAM. A swap file is not necessary always, but if you want hibernation and sleep to work, then it is.
None of this applies exactly to windows 8 with UEFI and GPT partitions, but to older windows using MBR (master boot record).
Here's what the drive would look like
sda1 = Windows XP perhaps. When you add the Linux system, GRUB will take over boot process for Windows too. If you lose GRUB, then in XP you can run it's Setup CD and choose Repair/Recover and go to a command prompt and run FIXMBR and FIXBOOT and be right back to default windows boot process. In Vista and later you would use DISKPART to accomplish that.
this will become a boot chainloader, for windows, for linux single or multiple distros.
sda3 = /
That's root. That's the mount point. It will have a /boot folder on it also that is just for that linux installation. Each linux distro added would have it's own /boot folder in the root. If you were only to have one linux distro installed, you could let it serve for the entire boot process and not create the /boot partition like in sda2, but it also means when you removed linux, even if you left windows, the grub would break and you'd have to recover a boot process for windows. That considered, a small 200MB partiton for /boot which can remain forever if desired, even after linux or windows is gone is a small price in space to pay.
sda4 = /home
Not necessary partition, the /home folder could just be in the root with all the system folders, but it makes convenient to backup data only. It's like My Documents in Windows.
sda5 = swap
It's an unformatted partition assigned as swap. Should be large enough to allow hibernation and sleep, which means at least 1GB or more according to RAM installed. The system will write data to that area when it goes sleep followed by suspend, or hibernate.
/boot = 200 MB
/ = 10-30 GB
/home = large as you need or wish. I'd start it about 20GB since you can expand it later with no problems, IF you put swap partition at the very end of the drive.
swap = 1GB at the least up to twice installed RAM
If you set it up with encryption, either whole system or just for Home partition, then you complicate it further.
This should have been in the Linux forum.
Was this reply helpful? (2) (0)